What Is the Most Violated Law in the Philippines

Buckling up has not become a habit in the Philippines. In 2010, 19.58% of injured occupants were wearing seat belts at the time of the motor vehicle accident. However, in 2016, that number dropped to 2.91%. This is shown by data from the Ministry of Health`s National Online Electronic Injury Surveillance System (ONEISS). The human rights situation in the Philippines deteriorated in 2020. President Rodrigo Duterte`s deadly “war on drugs,” which has continued since he took office in June 2016, has continued to target primarily impoverished Filipinos in urban areas. Police and unidentified gunmen associated with the police committed thousands of extrajudicial executions. Killings have increased significantly during the Covid-19 lockdown, increasing by more than 50% from April to July 2020 compared to the previous four months. There was almost total impunity for these killings. Many Philippine roads are death traps. Why are they so deadly? And what can be done to make them. The most frequently violated highway code since 2014 is non-compliance with road signs, followed by a disability. So why do too few drivers in the country buckle up? In 2016, Republic Law (RA) 8750, or the 1999 Law on the Wearing of Seat Belts, was the most violated traffic law in the country, said lawyer Roberto Valera, head of the road safety department at the Land Transport Bureau.

There has been near impunity for these killings, with only one conviction for the murder of a drug suspect during a police operation since mid-2016, according to the report. Witnesses, family members, journalists and lawyers interviewed by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights expressed fears for their safety and a sense of powerlessness in the search for justice, leading to a situation where “the practical obstacles to access to justice in the country are almost insurmountable”. Of the list, only violation of reckless conduct results in increasing penalties for each subsequent offence. Most of the traffic violations listed may not have a major impact on the driver`s pockets, as almost all of the fears listed do not exceed the P500 penalty, with the exception of violations of the truck ban, excessive speed, organized bus lines, and reckless driving (in the third offense). Since 1959, seat belts have saved countless lives around the world. No wonder it is considered “perhaps the most effective security device ever invented”. In the end, the seat belt is simple, effective and can be easily put on with one hand. So what`s stopping you from buckling your belt? Assuming one offence per vehicle, almost half of all vehicles registered in the National Capital Region were subject to a traffic violation last year. In 2016, there were 468,521 vehicles registered in the National Capital Region. In September, members of the U.S. Congress introduced the Philippine Human Rights Act, which aims to suspend U.S. defense and security assistance to the Philippines for human rights violations until the government implements significant reforms.

To lift the suspension, the U.S. Secretary of State should certify that the government has adequately investigated and successfully prosecuted members of the military and police who have violated human rights; withdrew military personnel from the national police; and put in place effective protection for trade unionists, journalists, human rights defenders and government critics. In September, Facebook revealed dozens of so-called “fake accounts” used by state forces to spread government and military propaganda for “coordinated inauthentic behavior.” The reports included messages demonizing activists, accusing them of being communists or communist sympathizers and, in several cases, “terrorists.” The same penalty applied to disability offences, which were the second most common traffic offence. The number of disability-related offences increased by 7,647 or 16.72% to 45,729 in 2016, compared to 38,082 offenders in 2015. The problem, Valera says, is that many people don`t realize the dangers of not wearing a seat belt. Nor do they know what the law requires. The report also documents reports of human rights violations committed by non-state actors, including killings, abductions, recruitment of children and extortion by the New People`s Army (NPA). The United Nations ranks the NPA among the parties that commit grave violations affecting children in situations of armed conflict. Despite repeated calls for an international investigation, the HRC passed a resolution in October that provides technical assistance and capacity building to the government. The resolution urged the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights to continue to provide the HRC with updates over the next two years.4 The report is based on 893 written submissions, numerous contributions from the Government of the Philippines, an analysis of legislation, police reports, court documents, videos, photos and other open source documents, as well as interviews with victims and witnesses.

It will be discussed at the next session of the UN Human Rights Council in Geneva. العربية | 中文 | | English русский | EspañolTagalog Version (PDF) She said the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights was ready to provide constructive and concrete support to the Philippines in implementing the report`s recommendations to end the many widespread human rights violations committed for a long time in the country and prevent their recurrence. In June, a Manila court convicted CEO Maria Ressa of the Rappler news site of cyberfamation, as well as Reynaldo Santos Jr., a former Rappler researcher. The case concerned the retroactive application of the new law to an article published years earlier. The High Commissioner welcomed the substantial commitment made by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights and the Government of the Philippines in the preparation of the report. According to statistics released by the government in #RealNumbersPH, murders in the “war on drugs” increased by more than 50% during the months of lockdown from April to July. Among those severely affected by the violence of the “war on drugs” are children left behind by victims. These children are often plunged deeper into poverty, suffer from deep psychological stress, often drop out of school for financial and other reasons, and suffer intimidation in their schools or communities. The United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) has adopted a resolution to provide technical assistance and capacity building to the government. The resolution did not call for stronger measures to combat ongoing violations in the country.

Bong Edison Nebrija, MMDA`s operations monitoring officer, cites motorist behavior as one of the contributing factors to the traffic situation in Metro Manila. In April, a local government official subjected three LGBTI people to degrading treatment by forcing them to commit obscene sexual acts as punishment for alleged violations of the COVID-19 curfew. In December, a Senate panel of experts passed a bill to prohibit discrimination and violence based on sexual orientation, gender identity and expression. Extrajudicial executions and other human rights violations continued as part of the government`s “war on drugs.” Human rights defenders and political activists have been killed, harassed, imprisoned and wrongly charged. Media freedom has been unduly restricted and dangerous anti-terrorism laws have been passed. Various groups have condemned the government`s clumsy handling of the COVID-19 pandemic. President Duterte renewed his call for Congress to reintroduce the death penalty. Killings and other human rights violations continued as part of the government`s “war on drugs.” On several occasions, President Duterte has incited violence against those suspected of using or selling drugs and promised to protect those who kill them.2 Reports of murders have increased in cities where police chiefs who had previously overseen abusive operations have been appointed. According to government data, police killed at least 155 people from April to July, up from 103 from December 2019 to March. Killings by unknown assailants, many of whom are believed to have links to the police, continued.

The victims were mostly poor. Inmates sleep on an open basketball court at Quezon City Prison in Quezon City, Philippines, July 24, 2020. If he does not wear the prescribed seat belt and allows a child aged 6 and under to sit in the passenger seat, a driver of a private vehicle will be fined ₱ 1,000 for the first offence, ₱ 2,000 for the second offence and 5,000 ₱ for the third offence. “The Philippines faces major challenges – structural poverty, inequality, armed conflict, frequent natural disasters and now the COVID-19 crisis,” bachelet said. “It is essential that the government`s responses are based on human rights-based approaches and guided by constructive dialogue. Accountability and full transparency of alleged violations are essential to building public trust. Unfortunately, the report documented deep-rooted impunity for serious human rights violations, and victims were denied justice for killing their loved ones. Their testimonies are heartbreaking. Human error is also responsible for 15 deaths, 884 injuries and 2,629 cases of property damage in 2016. The attacks on the militants took place as part of the government`s campaign against the communist uprising of the New People`s Army.

Government and military officials have accused Karapatan and other groups in their network of being supporters of the insurgents as part of a “red marking” campaign that puts them at increased risk of attack. The military, national security agencies and police have actively used social media to make threats that led to the killing of dozens of people with red tags last year. Government measures to contain the spread of COVID-19 have led to numerous human rights violations. President Duterte ordered security forces and local government officials to “shoot” those who caused “problems” during the community quarantine.1 Local officials have been accused of locking people in dog cages for alleged quarantine violations. .